Mother Feels Easily Tired, What Are the Signs of a Weak Pregnancy?

What Are the Signs of a Weak Pregnancy

A weak pregnancy can increase the risk of miscarriage. Find out the causes and signs here! 

A weak pregnancy is a condition that can occur during pregnancy, and there are various reasons that can be the cause. Usually, signs or characteristics of a weak pregnancy can appear early in the pregnancy 

This condition often makes mothers feel anxious or panicked because it can increase the risk of miscarriage.

Some factors that can cause a weak pregnancy include hormonal problems, chronic diseases, genetic issues, infections, immune disorders, or other medical complications.

What is a Weak Pregnancy? 

A weak pregnancy occurs when a mother experiences cervical incompetence, which can be understood as the uterus being unable to withstand the pressure and weight of the fetus and amniotic fluid during pregnancy. 

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A weak pregnancy is a serious complication that can occur during pregnancy. A weak uterus has a high risk associated with several complications, such as premature birth, stillbirth, or miscarriage that occurs in the second trimester. 

According to the American Pregnancy Association, cervical incompetence occurs in about 1-2% of pregnancies, and almost 25% of babies experiencing miscarriages in the second trimester are caused by an incompetent cervix.

Although this condition can be concerning, it is important to remember that there are several treatments and care available to address the causes and risk factors of a weak pregnancy that a mother might experience.

Signs of a Weak Pregnancy During Early Pregnancy

A weak pregnancy is often difficult to detect in early pregnancy, but some symptoms may appear between 14 to 20 weeks . Some signs to watch out for include:

  1. Changes in Vaginal Discharge

Changes in vaginal discharge, such as increased quantity, changes in color, or unusual texture, could be an indication of a weak pregnancy. Some women also report warm discharge from the vagina as a sign of an issue.

  1. Spotting

Light spotting during pregnancy can indicate a problem with the pregnancy. Consult a doctor if you experience spotting during pregnancy.

  1. Cramps or Mild Contractions

Unusual cramps or mild contractions during early pregnancy can be a sign of a weak pregnancy. If you experience disturbing cramps, contact your doctor immediately. 

  1. Lower Back Pain

Although lower back pain is a common symptom during pregnancy, it usually doesn’t occur in early pregnancy. Lower back pain radiating to the abdomen can be a sign that your pregnancy isn’t strong. 

  1. Increased Pelvic Pressure

You might feel an increased pressure on the pelvis, especially between 14 and 20 weeks of pregnancy. However, pelvic pressure or pain can occur at any time if your pregnancy is known to be weak.

It’s important not to overlook these symptoms and always communicate with your doctor to get the proper care and advice during pregnancy.

Causes of a Weak Pregnancy 

A weak pregnancy is often caused by certain conditions. Here are some factors causing a weak pregnancy:

  1. Cervical Trauma

Previous trauma to the cervix can be one of the causes of a weak pregnancy. Dilation and curettage or scraping of the uterine contents due to repeated miscarriages can cause trauma to the cervix.  

  1. Uterine Shape Abnormalities

Abnormalities in the shape of the uterus and genetic abnormalities affecting collagen production can weaken cervical tissues. Besides increasing the risk of weak pregnancies, uterine shape abnormalities also risk increasing the potential for miscarriage and premature birth.

  1. Chromosome Disorders

Chromosome disorders in pregnant women can be another cause of a weak pregnancy. In more severe cases, chromosomal abnormalities can increase the risk of babies being born with congenital defects.

  1. Infections and Chronic Diseases

Infections in pregnant mothers, especially those related to the reproductive organs, such as cervical infections or sexually transmitted diseases, can affect pregnancy health. 

Additionally, chronic conditions like diabetes, autoimmune diseases, and chronic inflammatory disorders (such as lupus) can also increase the risk of a weak pregnancy. 

These infections and chronic diseases can disrupt the function of reproductive organs and affect the uterus’s ability to support a pregnancy.

  1. Genetic Factors

Genetic factors or inheritance can make someone more susceptible to a weak pregnancy. This can be related to genetic changes affecting the development of the uterus or cervix.

  1. Environmental Factors

Exposure to certain harmful environmental elements can contribute to the risk of a weak pregnancy. For example, exposure to toxic chemicals or specific environmental pollutants during pregnancy can damage the development of the uterus and cervix. Radiation exposure or other environmental pollution can also affect reproductive health.

All these factors can play a role in causing a weak pregnancy, and it’s important to discuss this condition with a doctor to receive proper care during pregnancy.

There are many factors that can lead to a weak pregnancy. For a successful pregnancy program, ensure maintaining a healthy lifestyle, managing stress well, and regularly consulting with a doctor. 

If the father is looking for information related to fertility, pregnancy programs, and more. Let’s visit the Bocah Indonesia website. 


  • American Pregnancy Association. Incompetent cervix: Weakened cervix. (2022). Diakses 2023. 
  • Miscarriage – Causes. (2017). Diakses 2023. 
  • BabyCenter. Cervical insufficiency (incompetent cervix). (2015). Diakses 2023. 
  • PubMed Central (PMC). Weakness in pregnancy – expect the unexpected. (n.d.). Diakses 2023. 
  • Mayo Clinic. Incompetent cervix – Symptoms and causes. (2021). Diakses 2023.

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