One egg + Thousands of Sperms = IVF
WHAT IS IVF?
The procedure involves combining an egg with sperms in a laboratory dish containing a culture solution that provides nutrients to support the fertilization and development of the embryos. The fertilization process is monitored microscopically over a 3 to 5-day period. Then, our team of embryologists will carefully examine the quality of the embryos to determine which ones are selected for embryo transfer and cryopreservation
The IVF PROCEDURE
During the stimulation phase of an IVF cycle, patients are administered daily hormone injections to develop the ovarian follicles. It will take around 10 days for ovarian stimulation. During this time our specialists will perform several ultrasound scans and blood tests to track the follicular development.
The female partner will be put under mild sedation and the eggs are collected by our specialists. After egg retrieval, the female partner will use the medication that prepares the lining of the womb for embryo transfer. Eggs can also sometimes be frozen if the female partner wants to delay the process of becoming pregnant.
The male partner is asked to produce a semen sample. The specimen is washed thoroughly, and the optimal sperms are selected. Such sperms can be used for fertilizing the egg or frozen for future use.
Fertilizing the eggs
Retrieved eggs are fertilized either by placing the eggs and sperms in a culture-containing dish (IVF) or by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The eggs are regularly monitored by our embryologists to confirm fertilization
Embryo transfer into the uterus
Embryo transfer can be done on the 3rd or 5th day after egg retrieval. Our Embryologists will grade embryos based on their growth and quality. Depending on this grading our team will decide to do either a 3rd day or 5th day transfer
Two weeks after the embryo transfer, our nursing team will perform a blood pregnancy test on the female partner that measures the pregnancy hormone (b- HCG). The result will be available within 4 hours.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection
One egg + One Sperm = ICSI
ICSI helps many couples with male fertility issues whereby sperms are of poor motility or a lot of sperms are damaged. Instead of sperm having to fight its way into the egg to fertilize it, our embryologists will give the sperm a helping hand by selecting the sperm under a microscope and inject it directly into the center of the egg.
After ICSI and before embryo transfer, Laser Assisted Hatching (LAH) is a technique that can be performed to increase the IVF/ICSI cycle success rates. LAH is especially useful in cases with elevated basal Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH), 2 or more previous unsuccessful IVF cycles and embryos with thick cell wall.
Intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection
One Egg + One Sperm (chosen by using very high magnification microscope) = IMSI
With the IMSI procedure, our embryologists are better able to assess the structure of the sperms and exclude the ones with suspected abnormalities from being injected into the available eggs.
Using a digital high-powered microscope, our embryologists will examine the individual sperms at 6,000 times magnification. The sperms that are identified as being structurally normal will then be used to fertilize the eggs using ICSI.
Schedule an Appointment
Schedule a consultation and call us at (021) 50200800 and visit our fertility clinic if you are considering In vitro fertilization. We will be happy to discuss financing options available and assist you with any other questions you might have.
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IVF is a delicate fertility treatment which involves the fertilization of an egg by a sper