Is Normal Sperm Motility Essential for Optimal Fertilization?

What is normal sperm motility in men

Motility or sperm movement is one of the criteria to determine if sperm is normal or not.

Dads, one of the benefits of sperm analysis is to determine the quantity and movement of sperm. Sperm movement, also known as motility, determines the level of fertility, Dad, you know.

It’s important to note that sperm is part of semen and cannot be seen with the naked eye. If you think that semen is sperm, in reality, what comes out of the penis during ejaculation is ejaculate or semen.

Sperm contains proteins, fats, and even cholesterol. Of course, this depends on what Dad consumes. Normally, the sperm count is 15 million per milliliter of semen.

In addition to quantity, the movement or motility of sperm is important in determining whether Dad has healthy sperm or not. This is crucial in assessing the agility of sperm in reaching the egg during the fertilization process.

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What Is Normal Sperm Motility?

The more agile the sperm movement, the higher the chances of sperm reaching the egg. This will certainly increase the chances of successful pregnancy. Of course, sperm motility can be determined through semen analysis, where the semen ejaculated will be analyzed by the andrology laboratory team to determine its quantity and motility.

According to Dr. Androniko Setiawan, Sp.And, a specialist andrologist at Bocah Indonesia, at least 30% of the sperm should have normal movement after ejaculation.

“Normally, at least 30% should be progressive. If the amount is smaller, the chances of pregnancy are smaller than they should be, but sperm quality should be assessed based on all parameters,” said Dr. Androniko.

This percentage of sperm motility will be optimal for the fertilization process. For Dads who have issues with sperm movement or motility, this condition is called asthenozoospermia.

Asthenozoospermia is a condition where sperm movement is below average, making it difficult to reach the egg.

There are many factors that can cause sperm disorders that Dad may experience, including hormonal problems, genetics, testicular issues, and lifestyle.

How to Address Abnormal Sperm Motility

Dads, sperm movement or motility can be assessed after undergoing sperm analysis through semen analysis. If you want to achieve optimal results, there are several self-care methods to improve sperm motility, such as:

  • Maintaining an ideal body weight. If you are overweight or obese, it is advisable to lose weight until you reach a generally recommended weight.

  • Engaging in regular exercise.

  • Quitting unhealthy habits such as smoking and alcohol consumption.

  • Consuming foods high in antioxidants and phytonutrients, such as vitamin C, beta-carotene, and lutein.

  • Avoiding habits that can increase testicular temperature, such as wearing tight pants, soaking in hot water or saunas, extended periods of cycling, and using a laptop on the lap.

Dads and Moms, sperm motility plays a crucial role in fertilization. If sperm movement is not agile, the chances of pregnancy will decrease.

For Dads and Moms who want to conceive quickly, it is recommended to undergo fertility assessments if you have been married for a year or more without achieving pregnancy, despite regular unprotected sexual intercourse. This is important to assess the fertility status of each partner and to increase the chances of pregnancy by addressing fertility issues.


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