Eating Papaya: Does It Affect Male Fertility?

Benefits of Papaya for Men's Health

Papaya is a fruit with various health benefits. When consumed regularly, papaya can be beneficial for men.

Do you enjoy eating papaya? This orange-fleshed fruit grows in tropical regions and is known for its sweet taste, making it a favorite among people of all ages.

The fruit, scientifically known as Carica papaya, contains several essential nutrients that are beneficial for the body. Its high vitamin C content can meet your daily nutritional needs.

When consumed regularly and in moderation, papaya offers numerous health benefits. Remember that moderation is key.

Nutritional Content of Papaya

Papaya is a readily available fruit that is loved by many but not favored by some.

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It contains various nutrients essential for maintaining good health. Here are the nutritional contents of papaya:

  • Protein: 0.5 grams

  • Calories: 46 kcal

  • Carbohydrates: 12.2 grams

  • Fiber: 1.6 grams

  • Calcium: 23 mg

  • Phosphorus: 12 mg

  • Sodium: 4 mg

  • Vitamin B1: 0.04 mg

  • Vitamin B2: 0.06 mg

  • Vitamin C: 78 mg

  • Carotene: 365 mcg

  • Beta-carotene: 1,038 mcg

Benefits of Papaya for Men’s Health

Based on the nutritional content of papaya, the fruit offers several health benefits for men’s health, including:

  1. Promotes Digestive Health

One of the benefits of regularly consuming papaya is that it promotes healthy digestion. You may have heard that eating papaya can help alleviate constipation by aiding digestion.

This is because papaya contains enzymes like papain, caricain, chymopapain, endopeptidase, and glycyl, which can effectively digest the proteins in your body.

Research published in the journal Neuro Endocrinology Letters suggests that a formula made from papaya-based ingredients can reduce the risk of bloating and constipation for up to 40 days.

  1. Enhances Heart Health

Another benefit of regular papaya consumption is its positive impact on heart health. This is because papaya contains vitamin C and lycopene, which can help reduce the risk of heart disease.

Moreover, the fruit is rich in antioxidants, which are beneficial for increasing the levels of good cholesterol (HDL) in the body.

  1. Boosts the Immune System

The high vitamin C content in papaya provides immune-boosting benefits. According to a study titled “Vitamin C and Immune Function,” vitamin C is essential for enhancing one’s immune system. A stronger immune system means a reduced risk of diseases and infections.

  1. Reduces the Risk of Prostate Cancer

Did you know that regular papaya consumption can help reduce the risk of prostate cancer? Papaya contains high levels of beta-carotene, which acts as an antioxidant and helps lower the risk of this disease.

A study published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention titled “Plasma and Dietary Carotenoids, and the Risk of Prostate Cancer: A Nested Case-Control Study” revealed that a high beta-carotene level protects young men from the risk of prostate cancer.

  1. Anti-Inflammatory Properties

Papaya’s antioxidant content can also combat inflammation. Chronic inflammation can lead to various diseases, and your body needs antioxidants to counter it.

According to a study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, consuming fruits with high levels of carotenoids, such as papaya, can significantly reduce the levels of the inflammatory marker protein (C-reactive protein).

The Impact of Papaya Consumption on Fertility

Consuming papaya is indeed good for your health due to its various nutritional contents. However, there is currently no scientific research confirming the direct impact of papaya consumption on male fertility, including sperm quality.

However, the diverse nutrients in papaya indirectly contribute to fertility. Both male and female fertility depend on various factors, such as a healthy lifestyle and avoiding harmful habits.

What you should avoid is consuming papaya seed extract. According to research published in the journal Journal of Ethnopharmacology, papaya seed extract can reduce sperm motility.

Therefore, it’s recommended to consume papaya regularly but in moderate amounts. Overconsumption of papaya can lead to side effects such as gastric irritation, allergies, digestive issues, and rashes.

If you want to share information about fertility and pregnancy programs with other fertility warriors, don’t forget to share this article!


  • Pepaya. Data Komposisi Pangan Indonesia. 
  • Ghaffarilaleh, V., et al. (2019). Carica papaya seed extract slows human sperm. J Ethnopharmacol. 2019 Sep 15;241:111972. 
  • Watzl, B., et al. (2005). A 4-wk intervention with high intake of carotenoid-rich vegetables and fruit reduces plasma C-reactive protein in healthy, nonsmoking men. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005 Nov;82(5):1052-8. 
  • Wu, K., et al. (2004). Plasma and Dietary Carotenoids, and the Risk of Prostate Cancer: A Nested Case-Control Study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev (2004) 13 (2): 260–269. 
  • Victor, P.D., et al. (2023). The Effects of Ethanolic Extract of Premature Carica papaya (Pawpaw) Fruits on the Reproductive System of Female Wistar Rats. Sch Int J Anat Physiol, Mar, 2023; 6(3): 18-27. 
  • Carr, A.C., et al. (2017). Vitamin C and Immune Function. Nutrients. 2017 Nov 3;9(11):1211. 
  • Muss, C., et al. (2013). Papaya preparation (Caricol®) in digestive disorders. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2013;34(1):38-46. 

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